Sudan - ReliefWeb News
By Nelly Muluka, IFRC and Imad Abdulrahim, Sudanese Red Crescent Society
The Alraiah Alaraki camp in Gezira State, Sudan, is home to more than 750 families who were displaced from their homes in August, following heavy flooding that affected several states. The floods also destroyed property, livelihoods and led to loss of life.
Families were concerned about where they would sleep and how they would get clean water, as critical infrastructure had also been damaged. At first, they had to make do with make-shift housing, using whatever materials they could to put a roof over their heads.
Then, with support from the Saudi Red Crescent Authority, as well the Sudanese Red Crescent, it wasn’t long before sturdier shelters began dotting the landscape.
“Our biggest fear was about shelter and water. But the living conditions in the camp have greatly improved because the water plant installed by the Sudanese Red Crescent is now working,” said Noor Eldaim Gudil, the officer in charge of the camp. “There are also new tents in place, and many families have taken to acquiring new skills at the school in the camp. Many families are using their stay here to better their lives.”
“We are so grateful to the Sudanese Red Crescent and all those who have supported us,” said Hawa Hassan Ibrahim, a resident at the camp since August. “We now have good shelter and are concentrating on making the best out of what life has to offer us here.
“I am also grateful because my husband has managed to get some space outside the shelter to start a tailoring business, and I sell sandwiches to supplement our income.”
In addition, Hawa and others at the camp have enrolled for evening classes on first aid, hygiene and basic disaster management, taught by Sudanese Red Crescent volunteers.
SCALING UP EFFORTS TO IMPROVE MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health together with the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) launched on 28 August 2013 Sudan's National Acceleration Plan for Maternal and Child Health.
Sudan is the first of the 10 high-burden countries in the Region to launch an acceleration plan on maternal and child health, in line with the commitment expressed in the Dubai Declaration, adopted in January 2013. There has been a significant decrease in the under-5 mortality rate in Sudan, which declined by 33% between 1990 and 2010. The neonatal mortality rate has also decreased by 11% in the same time period.
The Sudan Household Health Survey 2010 reflected a 60% decrease in maternal mortality per 100 000 live births, from 537 in 1990 to 216 in 2010.
Regional food security in eastern Africa shows marked improvement
Nutrition in Turkana Central worsens from Serious to Critical
No polio in South Sudan, as political impasse hinders vaccination in Sudan More than 100 people dead and over one million others affected by floods since August
More than 10 million people displaced in the region as of September 2013
Agreement signed for return of Somali refugees in Kenya, as similar plans are made for return of Burundians in Uganda
LRA strikes South Sudan after a two-year lull
Posted by Katrien Hinderdael
The Ugandan-led and U.S.-supported counter-LRA African Union Regional Task Force, or AU-RTF, has made significant progress in defeating the LRA, with LRA numbers down to roughly 250 core fighters. However, a new Enough Project report argues that further success of the mission is contingent on increased logistical capacity and access to key areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo,or DRC, the Central African Republic, or CAR, and the Kafia Kingi enclave in South Darfur, Sudan---regions that provide safe havens from military pressure and create the opportunity for the LRA to regroup and rebuild their strength.
The report, “Blind Spots: Gaining Access to Areas Where the LRA Operates,” calls on the international community to facilitate a regional agreement allowing the AU-RTF full operational access to all LRA-affected areas. A recommitment to regional cooperation, international financial and logistical support, and U.N. Security Council attention could generate the final push necessary to complete the decade-long fight against the LRA and support the beginning of cross-border security-integration in Central Africa.
Over the past 25 years, the LRA has tormented civilians across Central Africa with attacks and abductions. LRA actions have resulted in the deaths of hundreds of innocent people and the displacement of at least 350,000 civilians. Through the political will of Uganda and the support of U.S. advisors, the AU-RTF has successfully reduced the number of LRA fighters and pushed them into hiding. Despite these efforts, the remaining LRA forces are able to evade military pressure by crossing international borders and inhabiting areas with limited national security forces.
The report asserts that challenges of access differ for the DRC, CAR, and the Kafia Kingi enclave in South Darfur. The LRA maintains permanent camps in the northeastern Orientale province of the DRC, which the Ugandan army has no authorization to enter. In CAR, the alarming destabilization of the country and existence of localized Seleka groups prevent the AU-RTF from conducting operations outside of their base in the southeastern province of Haut-Mboumou. Lastly, while Sudan has shown encouraging signs of cooperation with the Ugandan led forces, access to the Kafia Kingi safe haven has been denied in the past.
Enough Project LRA Field Researcher and author of the report, Kasper Agger, says, “The endgame of removing LRA leader Joseph Kony from the battlefield and neutralizing the LRA is imperiled by the lack of access to wide swathes of Central Africa where the group still hides. Expanded regional cooperation and increased political commitment for the mission are critical to boosting ongoing counter-LRA efforts and bringing a final end to the LRA rebel group.”
Moving forward, the report urges Uganda, DRC, CAR, Sudan, and international actors to commit to the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the Lord’s Resistance Army, which has attempted to increase regional military cooperation, facilitate cross-border operations, and increase political commitments. The realization of these efforts could effectively bring an end to the LRA and provide a roadmap for future African regional security initiatives.
KHARTOUM (20 Nov.) - Desert locusts are gathering north-west of Khartoum and along the Atbara river. The swarms, expected to move towards the Red Sea coast, are a potential danger to crops in the next few months.
Clouds of locusts can finish-off the remaining crops. Ground teams in Sudan have treated more than 2,200 hectares so far in November. However, more adult locust swarms are expected to move from the interior to the Red Sea coast in the coming weeks.
The warning comes from the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in its Locusts Watch, a monitoring programme that watches the grasshopper population. The same potential danger exists in in Eritrea. Ground teams are treating hopper infestations in cropping areas on the Red Sea coast near Shelshela, and there are unconfirmed reports of locusts further north near the Sudanese border. Across the Red Sea in Yemen the FAO has detected the same problem.
In Sudan young ghoppers and adults are forming groups in those areas that remain green after the summer rains. A swarm of locusts covering a square kilometer can eat between 80 and 160 tons of crops a day, the FAO calculates. An adult desert locust can eat its own weight of about 2 grammes daily.
EAST JEBEL MARRA (20 Nov.) - A man and two women, one of them in labour, were reportedly killed by a Sudanese Air Force bombardment in North Darfur on Wednesday morning.
Relatives told Radio Dabanga that Najwa Bahreldin Musa, who was experiencing complications during childbirth, was taken to the Health Centre of Kokor, 25km northwest of Fanga.
After 24 hours in the Health Centre, doctors decided she had to be transferred to the hospital of El Fasher, capital of North Darfur.
Her family hired a car from Mirghani Ibrahim Mohamed in Fanga to transport the woman to El Fasher. She was accompanied by Hawaaya Seifeldin Saleh.
When the car reached the area between Fanga and El Aradeeb El Ashara, at 8:20am, an Antonov bombed it. One bomb fell in front of the car, another behind it and a third one landed directly on the car. All three passengers (as well as Najwa's unborn infant) died.
Herdsmen reportedly shot a Murnei camp resident when he protested against the grazing of their livestock on his farmland in West Darfur.
A relative of the deceased told Radio Dabanga that on Tuesday a number of herders “armed by the government” released their camels and cattle on the farmland of Abdallah Abakar Adam. When he resisted, they opened fire on him and killed him on the spot.
The relative called on Unamid to run patrols for the protection of the displaced.
On the same day, 19 November, a farmer from Wadi Um Shalaya, Azum locality in Central Darfur reported to Radio Dabanga that armed herdsmen wanted to graze their camels and cattle on their farmlands. The farmers protested upon which the herders whipped them and beat them severely with batons.
Two men (one of them 70 years old) and two women were seriously injured.
• Partners gear up to provide food assistance to 6,000 people displaced in Pochalla, Jonglei State in response to high food insecurity.
• 40 suspected cases of the disease yellow fever and 10 associated deaths have been reported in Sudanese areas bordering South Sudan.
• Government and aid agencies launch the 2014-2016 humanitarian appeal calling for US$1.1 billion in 2014.
Cette étude a été lancée par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations à la demande du Gouvernement du Tchad par le biais du Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et de l’Intégration Africaine. Avec l’appui des Ministères partenaires, ce document cherche à dresser un état des lieux de la migration au Tchad. Jusqu’à aujourd’hui, aucun document n’existe. Ce document est une base pour comprendre les dynamiques migratoires, dégager les défis et proposer des recommandations. Au Tchad l’intérêt pour cette question de la migration est nouveau, en témoigne l’ensemble des rencontres internationales et régionales auxquelles participe l’Etat tchadien.
EL FASHER (19 Nov .) -The residents of the Zam Zam camp for the displaced, south-west of El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur, have demanded the UN World Food Programme (WFP) reconsider its decision regarding the provision and distribution of food rations by traders.
A camp resident told Radio Dabanga that the WFP notified them that in 2014 it would contract Sudanese traders to provide the displaced with food rations of millet, corn, sugar, oil, and salt.
The residents, however, fear that the decision will reflect negatively on them “because the traders have no sufficient financial and logistic capabilities to provide such food rations. Epecially as most of the foodstuffs have to be imported from outside the state because the crop yields this year are limited.”
The source said that people are expecting much more displacements in the near future, after the Sudan government announced a large campaign to eliminate all armed rebel forces.
The current number of displaced people at camp Zam Zam is 212,000, apart from the newly displaced who arrived in September.
File photo: A boy shows his three food ration cards given by the WFP in the North Darfur Kassab camp for the displaced (Albert González Farran/Unamid)
DILLING (19 Nov .) - At least six people were reportedly killed and 18 injured in Kujurya village, Dilling locality, in South Kordofan.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga, Sultan Khamis Soba reported that the Sudanese Air Force has been bombing the region ever day since from 14 November. “The air raids start at 6am and continue until 4am the next day.”
The Sultan said that the continuous intense bombardments “made the lives of the people in the region hell. The situation has become catastrophic.”
Soba reported that the air raids killed six people, three of them from one family, and wounded 18 others, besides destroying houses and farms. Dozens of cattle were killed. More than 2,700 people became displaced.
The six people killed are Toma Kody Kola, Omar Kody Kola, the wife of Khartoum Kody Kola, Jim Abu Shook, Babakar Hassan, and Ahmed Bagad.
Forces of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) on Tuesday shelled military sites in Kadugli, the capital of South Kordofan.
The spokesperson for the SPLM-N, Arnu Ngutulu Lodi, told Radio Dabanga that the missiles targeted sites of the Sudan Armed Forces Forces in Kadugli. "The shelling is a response to the aerial bombardments killing civilians in Buram and Kujurya."
Ali El Faki, the governor of South Kordofan State announced that the SPLM-N missile attack on Kadugli was not aimed “at any military site”, but targeted houses of civilians, killing two people and wounding four others. The El Manar basic school in the Hajar El Mak neighbourhood in the eastern part of the city was damaged too.
Lodi strongly denied that the SPLM-N shelling on 19 November targeted the population. "It's the government forces that are using civilians as a human shield."
Lodi stressed that the shelling on military sites in Kadugli will continue and in other cities too, “as long as Antonov and Sukhoi fighter jets of the government continue to bomb civilians, day and night”.
The SPLM-N spokesperson renewed his appeal to the residents of Kadugli and other areas in South Kordofan "to stay away from military sites and places where militias are operating".
Snapshot 12 – 19 November
In Syria, government forces took control of opposition held areas near Qalamoun, at the outskirts of Damascus and in Aleppo governorate, increasing military pressure on the fragmented opposition. With no official date set for the delayed Geneva II peace conference, the gradual change in the military balance on the ground is likely to have lasting effects. After significantly strengthening their military position in recent weeks, armed Syrian Kurdish groups announced their intention to form a transitional autonomous administration similar to the Iraqi Kurdistan model, a move that is likely to further exacerbate the Kurdish issue on a regional level.
In the Philippines, with a reported increase in humanitarian access, the fluctuating numbers of people affected by Typhoon Haiyan are being progressively refined. To date, an estimated 12.9 to 13 million people, including 5.4 million children, have been affected by the disaster according to OCHA. Over four million people, including 1.7 million children, are reportedly displaced. Humanitarian partners warn that the numbers of IDPs is likely to grow as people continue to move from the areas worst affected by the disaster in search of aid and shelter. To date, at least 3,600 people have been killed by Typhoon Haiyan.
Although numbers of affected remain lacking, Vietnam has been affected by both Cyclone Podul and Typhoon Haiyan over the past ten days. At least 41 people have been killed in rains triggered by Podul, adding to the 14 people killed in the passage of Haiyan. Information on damages remains limited.
According to humanitarian partners, an estimated 278,000 people have been affected by mid-November seasonal floods in South Sudan, with Jonglei state being the worst affected area. Information on damages remains lacking.
Last Updated: 19/11/2013 Next Update: 26/11/2013
KALMA (19 Nov.) -
A huge fire broke out in the morning of 19 November in Centre Five of the Kalma camp for the displaced in South Darfur.
Spokesman for the Association of Displaced persons and Refugees of Darfur, Hussein Abu Sharati, said the fire destroyed an entire house in which five families were living. Due to the lack of water in the camp, the residents were not able to quickly extinguish the fire.
Sharati explained that a lot of fires break out during the dry seasons. “There is a lot of wind and most of the houses are built of straw, since we do not have tarpaulin to use for the shelters.” He called on humanitarian organisations to provide the camp residents with tarpaulin sheets.
EAST JEBEL MARRA (19 Nov) -
An Antonov of the Sudanese Air Force reportedly killed two men south of Dady in East Jebel Marra.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga, villagers in East Jebel Marra reported that Jarelnabi Salem Mohamed and Mahjoub Haroun Musa were killed when an Antonov bombed them at about 12am of 19 November.
The men were on their way to Nimra with their carts loaded with sorghum harvested at their farmlands south of Dady.
The bombardment also ignited fires in the area that were still burning until the evening.
The villagers noted that the conditions in which they have to live, have become “extremely bad”. “We are afraid to leave out houses, go to our farmlands or the market, or even to light a fire to cook on.”
They added that the “government forces” stationed in Tabit started on Monday afternoon firing their heavy weapons and mortars in the direction of the villages of Kutu and Karfoula, located 5km west of Tabit.
The East Jebel Marra residents appealed once again to the UN, its Security Council, and the international community to pressure the government in order to stop the continuous bombardments and shelling of civilians, their properties and water sources in East Jebel Marra and other parts of Darfur and the Sudan.
Three suspected cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF) in Kassala State were recently reported
A total of 40 suspected cases of yellow fever (YF), including 10 deaths, were reported from 3 October up to 17 November 2013 in 13 localities in West and South Kordofan.
More than 80000 people were vaccinated in West Kordofan and South Kordofan in small scale vaccination campaign conducted over the last three weeks
Communicable disease surveillance system is strengthened in White Nile, Gezira, Kassala, Gedarif and Khartoum.
Potentially dangerous situation may develop in Mauritania, Sudan and Yemen
Control operations are in progress in northwest Mauritania, the interior of northern Sudan, and on the Red Sea coast in Yemen where hopper bands are currently forming as a result of local breeding. There is a risk that a potentially dangerous situation may develop in the coming months. Consequently, intensive survey and control operations should be maintained.
In Mauritania, an outbreak developed in the northwest during October and good rains fell in early November. As a result, hoppers continue to form groups and bands while adults are forming groups in Inchiri, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, southwest Adrar and northern Trarza. Ground teams have treated more than 13,000 ha so far in November.
In Sudan, hopper and adults are forming groups in those areas that remain green after the summer rains in the interior to the northwest of Khartoum and along the Atbara River. Hopper bands have also formed in these areas. Ground teams have treated more than 2,200 ha so far in November. More adult groups are expected to move from the interior to the Red Sea coast in the coming weeks.
In Yemen, breeding continues along the northern coast of the Red Sea where first generation hoppers are forming groups and bands. Adults are maturing and forming groups. Second generation egg-laying starting about ten days ago and hatching and band formation are expected to commence from the end of November onwards. Ground teams treated about 8,000 ha during the first decade of November. Smaller infestations are present on the southern coast near Aden.
In Eritrea, ground teams are treating hopper infestations in cropping areas on the Red Sea coast near Shelshela, and there are unconfirmed reports of locusts further north near the Sudanese border.
In northern Somalia, a rare tropical cyclone brought heavy rains to the northwest coast which is a traditional winter breeding area for the Desert Locust. Surveys will be undertaken shortly to check the areas.
36 suspected cases of yellow fever with ten deaths were reported in ten localities of West and South Kordofan. Preliminary results of the Pasteur institute in Dakar, Senegal, confirmed three positive cases so far with confirmatory tests on-going.
A small scale vaccination campaign has started in the worst hit localities, targeting 100 000 children under 10.
BURAM (18 Nov.) - The Sudanese Air Force reportedly bombed the town of Buram and Tanasa village, south of Kadugli, the capital of South Kordofan. Two children were killed.
According to a press release by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N), at about 5pm on 17 November a Sukhoi bomber attacked Buram and Tanasa in the Nuba Mountains with “large-sized, parachuted bombs”.
Two bombs dropped on Tanasa village and killed two children, El Nur Trumba Tijani (10) and Tia Nihaya (7), and wounded Mubarak Shamsun Mashru (10) and Fatouma Ali (45). Five houses, belonging to Kafi Nimir, Yohanna Kuku Soleiman, Adam Kuku, and Daniel Kuku, were completely destroyed by fire, including food supplies. The houses of Khamis Kuku Abbas, Andrew Kuku, and Abdelmagadam Kafi were seriously damaged. In Buram, the bombs destroyed a number of farms.
SPLM/A-N official spokesman, Arnu Ngutulu Lodi, stated in the press release that the “SPLA/N and other Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) forces will not keep quiet while the ruling National Congress Party is continuing its atrocities against civilians. Our response to the ethnic cleansing of the Khartoum regime will be strong and severe.”
Yasir Arman, Secretary General of the SPLM-N and spokesperson for the SRF delegation currently touring Europe, commented from the Finnish capital of Helsinki, on the bombardments.
“To all those who continue to appease the Khartoum regime and ignore the solid facts on the ground, the Khartoum regime is targeting civilian populations in Sudan, committing war crimes, and killing the very children who need to be vaccinated. For the families of these children, the air and ground attacks by the Khartoum regime are more visible threats than polio. Many in Africa and in the international community are deliberately ignoring this fact. Admitting it would require them to provide civilian protection as per international humanitarian law.
“We call upon all who value human life and human dignity to wage a campaign for unhindered access for humanitarian assistance in the Nuba Mountains, the Blue Nile, and Darfur, as well as a humanitarian cessation of hostilities addressing humanitarian needs in these regions, without conditioning them on a political agenda. The right for humanitarian aid and protection is guaranteed by international humanitarian law.”
BINDISI / UM DUKHUN (18 Nov.) - The governor of Central Darfur has issued orders aimed at maintaining security and avoiding future inter-tribal clashes.
Central Darfur State Governor Yousif Tibin issued a package of measures on 17 November in order to maintain security in the state and avoid new clashes between the Misseriya and Salamat. The measures forbid gatherings for the sake of war, the calling for war, or the targeting of residential areas, markets or roads. Anyone violating the governor’s orders may be subjected to a sentence of up to five years in prison and a fine of SDG100,000 ($17,500).
A mechanism will be established to oversee the implementation of the peace treaty signed between the two tribes on 3 July this year. The mechanism will be formed by representatives of both tribes, the police, the security forces and the Sudanese army, in addition to the security committees of the localities.
Tibin on Sunday morning visited the towns of Bindisi and Um Duhkun, heading a delegation of security committees from both localities and a delegation of Unamid, who facilitated the meetings. In Bindisi they met with Salamat leaders and in Um Dukhun with leaders of the Misseriya in Umm Duhkun. The governor has ordered the joint Chad-Sudan army troops stationed in Um Dukhun to maintain order at the border, covering a distance of 50km into Chad and Sudan.
Both the Salamat and Misseriya leaders have expressed their satisfaction with the Governor’s initiative and stressed their desire for peace.
Unamid facilitated the travel of the Central Darfur State governor and the State Security Committee, accompanied by a team of Unamid officials, to Um Dukhun on 17 November to mediate between the two tribes.
Unamid’s team led by the Central Darfur Head of Office noticed that although the area was calm, tension was still perceptible in Um Dukhun. There was heavy presence of troops of the Sudan Armed Forces, as well as Chad-Sudan joint border patrol teams throughout the town.
The Unamid team also met with representatives from international NGOs and the Sudanese Humanitarian Affairs Commission operating in the area who confirmed that the security situation has improved since 14 November. The INGOs decided to stay on to carry out their activities instead of evacuating as previously requested. They are also providing assistance to the households affected by the clashes.
Following clashes between Salamat and Misseriya in Central Darfur which left dozens of casualties in the past weeks, the African Union-United Nation Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) facilitated the travel of the Wali (Governor) of Central Darfur and the State Security Committee, accompanied by a team of UNAMID officials, to Um Dukhun on 17 November 2013 to mediate between the two tribes.
The delegation met with the local security committee, the local peace and reconciliation committee as well as with representatives of both the Salamat and the Misseriya tribes in a bid to defuse the tensions and to urge them to abide by the peace agreement signed on 3 July 2013, facilitated by UNAMID.
UNAMID’s team led by the Central Darfur Head of Office noticed that although the area was calm, tension was still perceptible in Um Dukhun and there was heavy presence of Government of Sudan troops, as well as components from Chad-Sudan joint border patrol teams throughout the town.
The team also met with representatives from international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and the Sudanese Humanitarian Affairs Commission operating in the area who confirmed that the security situation has improved since 14 November. Therefore, the INGOs decided to stay on to carry out their activities instead of evacuating as previously requested. The INGOs also informed that they are providing assistance to the households affected by the clashes, and that there is an evident displacement in and around Um Dukhun as a result of the latest spat of intertribal fighting since April 2013.
UNAMID remains gravely concerned about the impact of intertribal violence on the civilian population in the affected areas and shall continue to exert intensive efforts to bring the fighting parties to agree on a cessation of hostilities and stands ready to facilitate longer-term reconciliation between them.