Sudan - ReliefWeb News
Burundi: Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean Islands Region Representation Office Long Term Planning Framework 2012-2015 Version 2
- Who are we?
The IFRC Regional Representation for Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean Islands, as part of the IFRC Africa Zone, supports National Societies (NS) to train and mobilise volunteers to respond to emergencies and to make communities more resilient to risks. It aims to make this work sustainable by bringing evidence-based cases of the benefits of Red Cross/Red Crescent volunteer action to new and existing stakeholders in the humanitarian and development sector.
The Regional Representation serves the National Societies of Burundi, Djibouti, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, South Sudan, Sudan, Eritrea, Madagascar, Seychelles, Somalia, Ethiopia, Mauritius, Comoros Island and Uganda and acts as a hub for technical support and operations coordination for the wider Eastern Africa Region (that includes the Horn of Africa and Indian Ocean Islands.).
The Representation is made up of two units: i) a Technical Support Unit (TSU) led by a Programme Coordinator and consisting of advisors on disaster preparedness and response; risk reduction; health; food security; water and sanitation; humanitarian diplomacy including beneficiary communication and public relations; planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting; and resource mobilization;, and ii) a Support Services Unit made up of: administration; logistics; Information Technology; human resources; security and finance. A strong emphasis has been placed on recruiting and maintaining top class national and international staff to support IFRC’s mission in the region.
The Delegation of the European Union (EU) to Sudan and the Embassy of Italy – Italian Cooperation issued a joint statement:
Today, the European Union and the Embassy of Italy will jointly launch one of the major health projects in Eastern Sudan. The project was signed in November 2013 during the European Ambassadors visit to East Sudan in a ceremony attended by H.E. Mr. Musa Mohamed Ahmed, Assistant to the President and the governors of Gedarif and Kassala.
The main goal of the new project is to increase the access and improve quality of healthcare for the most vulnerable communities and improve efficiency of health system in Eastern Sudan. The EU- Italian project amounts to 12,8 million Euros totally funded by the EU and will be implemented by the Italian Cooperation in Kassala, Gedaref and Red Sea until 2016.
The project is expected to achieve five targets. First is to train thousands of health staff and front line providers in collaboration with Academies of Health Science. Second, the project will result in the increased capacity of the staff in the Health Ministries of the Eastern States and other Local Health Authorities. Third, a number of health buildings will be built and rehabilitated to broaden the infrastructures of healthcare. Fourth, the project will increase the medicines availability through improving the procurement and delivery processes to East Sudan. Fifth, the project will develop an emergency care system at both the localities and the States level. Finally, the project will promote community health awareness, support health education and strengthen the health information systems.
The program will be run in close coordination with the Federal Ministry of Health, the State Ministries of Health, and local government in each locality.
Ambassador Tomas Ulicny, Head of Delegation of the European Union to Sudan said that the program of Promoting Qualitative Health Services in Eastern Sudan is a European commitment to increase the dividends for peace in Sudan. The people of East Sudan are in need for basic development and services which is what the European Ambassadors observed during their last joint visit to Kassala and the Red Sea in 2013, he added. Ambassador Tomas explained that the European Union funding comes from all the European countries to confirm the EU solidarity to support peace and stability for the people of Sudan. Ambassador Tomas called on the local and Federal authorities to support and facilitate the implementation of the program to achieve its end goals.
Ambassador Armando Barucco considers this grant as the result of Italian Cooperation’s commitment to strengthen the health system in Eastern Sudan in the last five years. He added: “Italian experts have already started with preparatory works for the program and we will do our best in ensuring efficiency and effectiveness of our actions. Italy will be accountable to the People of Sudan and the other States, which are part of the European Union, for what we set to achieve in the next three years”.
About the EU
European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries. In Sudan, the EU has a clear foreign policy element in promoting international peace, development and security and is one of the major donors to Sudan. The EU is active in Sudan in the areas of peace, human rights, dialogue, poverty eradication, development and humanitarian aid. One of the main goals of the EU is to coordinate a common European policy on Sudan.
About Italian Development Cooperation
Italian Development Cooperation is part of the General Directorate for Development and Cooperation under the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Italian Cooperation in Sudan works closely with local authorities and communities to foster development and alleviate poverty. Main sectors of intervention are health, education, water and sanitation and humanitarian assistance with geographical focus on Eastern States and the aim to reach the most vulnerable population and remote areas.
For more information contact:
Press and Communication Desk, Delegation of the European Union to Sudan: Tel: 183.799.393 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Rosa Ullucci, Italian Development Cooperation Office in Khartoum, +249 964462402, email@example.com.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted a workshop organized by the Ministry of Finance and National Economy to discuss the on-going and planned development cooperation between Sudan and the European Union. The workshop was attended by Sudanese Ambassadors, EU Ambassador, Sudanese diplomats and the Director of European Development Funds Unit at the Ministry of Finance and National Economy.
Ambassador Seraj Al Deen Yusuf, Director General of the International Cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the workshop provided a comprehensive update of EU-Sudan development cooperation promoting an interactive discussion to better define the role of Sudanese Ministries in facilitating the on-going and upcoming EU Sudan development cooperation actions.
The workshop discussed the general principles for EU development cooperation, aid and development effectiveness agenda.
Ambassador Tomas Ulicny, Head of Delegation of the European Union highlighted that this workshop was important to open channels for dialogue and discussion on the future of development aid to Sudan. He also pointed out that despite Sudan's non ratification of Cotonou Agreement, the European Union was able to guarantee around 100 million Euro development aid to Sudan through a special allocation.
The National Museum of Sudan hosted the launching ceremony of the new health services program in East Sudan. The program is funded by the European Union and will be implemented by the Italian Development Cooperation – Embassy of Italy. The event was attended by H.E. Mr. Musa Mohamed Ahmed, Assistant of the President of the Republic, diplomats and hundreds of Sudanese guests related to health services in Sudan. Ambassador Tomas Ulicny presented the following address:
Anew beginning. A fresh start, for another European Union funded program to promote Qualitative Health Services in Eastern Sudan. I am very honored that this time it will be realized by our European partners, the Italian Development Cooperation which has an exceptional and outstanding record of accomplishments and practice particularly in the Eastern States of Sudan: The Red Sea, Gedarief and Kassala.
Today, the European Union funds this new program with 12.8 million Euros, out of our belief that strengthening Health services and infrastructure are key to achieve peace dividends and is a fundamental and basic human right that all the people of the world should enjoy especially our brothers and sisters in East Sudan.
With our financial contribution, and with the professional implementation of the Italian partners, and with the facilitation of the Sudanese local and federal authorities we can together train thousands of medical staff to provide better health services. We can together rehabilitate the health infrastructure in the Eastern States. We can together improve and develop the health policies, emergency, information and awareness systems.
Our end goal is clear, which is to give peace and stability a chance in East Sudan. Through this project and other projects the European Union has fully pledged its commitment to the Kuwait Donors meeting on East Sudan. The EU pledged a support of 24 million euro at the International Donors and Investors Conference for East Sudan held in Kuwait in December 2010.
Since then the EU provided 57 million euro so far for ongoing projects starting as of 2011, plus additional 24.5 million euro in the process of approval for start in 2014.
Today as a European Union, we all demonstrate Europe commitment to increase the dividends for peace in Sudan. The people of East Sudan are in need for basic development and services which is what the European Ambassadors observed during our last joint visit to Kassala and the Red Sea in 2013, he added. The funding comes from all the European countries to confirm the EU solidarity to support peace and stability for the people of Sudan.
The reality I personally witnessed in my two trips to East Sudan in 2013 is the need for more local and international consideration and concentration for development in East Sudan but this can be only be achieved with a true government commitment to facilitate the work of the international organizations in the region. I am positive that we can help more if we are supported more by our Sudanese counterparts. The will is present by both sides.
I hope this project will achieve its goals in assisting more than 1.8 million Sudanese citizens in need of a better health service. As we celebrate, the World Health Day in eight days, I hope this project will increase venerate commitment to health rights. I hope we can do it together.
Situation Générale en janvier 2014
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mars 2014
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée préoccupante en janvier le long des deux rives de la mer Rouge où la reproduction continuait en Érythrée, au Yémen, en Arabie saoudite et, dans une moindre mesure, au Soudan, entraînant la formation de bandes larvaires et d’essaims.
Malgré la poursuite des opérations de lutte dans tous ces pays, davantage de bandes larvaires et d’essaims se formeront probablement en février et en mars. Il existe un risque que des groupes et de petits essaims puissent se déplacer vers les aires de reproduction printanière de l’intérieur de l’Arabie saoudite. Quelques groupes et petits essaims ont envahi Djibouti depuis le nordouest de la Somalie et pourront se déplacer vers l’Éthiopie. Ailleurs, de petites infestations ont été traitées en Mauritanie, au Niger et en Algérie.
Pendant la période de prévision, il se peut qu’une reproduction à petite échelle ait lieu dans le nordouest et le nord de la Mauritanie et des ailés épars vont probablement apparaître dans les aires de reproduction printanière d’Afrique du nord-ouest et d’Asie du sud-ouest.
Situation Générale en février 2014
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-avril 2014
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée préoccupante en février le long des deux rives de la mer Rouge avec la poursuite des résurgences en Érythrée, au Yémen, en Arabie saoudite et, dans une moindre mesure, au Soudan et dans le nord de la Somalie où des bandes larvaires, des groupes et des essaims se sont formés. Les infestations acridiennes devraient diminuer dans les aires de reproduction hivernale suite aux opérations de lutte et au desséchement des conditions mais il existe un risque que des groupes d’ailés et de petits essaims se forment et se déplacent dans les aires de reproduction printanière de l’intérieur de l’Arabie saoudite, du nord du Soudan et peut-être de parties du nord de la Somalie et de l’est de l’Éthiopie. Des reproductions à une échelle petite à modérée sont probables dans les zones recevant des pluies. En Afrique du nord-ouest, on s’attend à ce que des ailés en faibles effectifs apparaissent au sud des monts Atlas et s’y reproduisent à petite échelle. La situation est probablement similaire dans le sudest de l’Iran et l’ouest du Pakistan, entraînant une légère augmentation des effectifs acridiens.
EAST JEBEL MARRA
Residents in East Jebel Marra complain about fever, headaches, and pain in the neck. Livestock, in particularly sheep and goats, have fallen ill and died.
Several residents in East Jebel Marra’s villages of Fanga, Konjara, Sharafa, Sauda, and Dolma told Radio Dabanga that many people in the area, in particular children, are suffering from fever, headache, and pain in the neck. Women are miscarrying.
“Dozens of livestock are dying daily, especially goats and sheep. They develop swellings in the neck and the head. Camels have diarrhoea, and cows suffer from nosebleeds.”
The residents said that the reasons for such diseases are unclear. They believe that the destruction of water sources and the contamination of drinking water by the continuous bombings must be the cause.
March 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - Blue Nile refugees are in critical situation and need the protection and support of the United Nations agencies, as they are asked to evacuate their camps in South Sudan’s Maban county, said the humanitarian arm of the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N) on Saturday.
In a statement signed by its chairman Neroun Philip, the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (SRRA) said the Sudanese refugees from Blue Nile state are facing a difficult choice as the host community of Maban county in Unity state, which is controlled by the South Sudanese government, asked them to leave the area.
Tensions between two communities "started early this month, as a result of accusations of livestock theft and cutting down of trees has aggravated their situation, the youth from Maban have recently demanded the refugees to be evacuated immediately but an intervention of the Maban county commissioner has secured a more realistic two month deadline," said the statement .
Philip called on the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to protect the Sudanese refugees in South Sudan and also urged the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) "to intervene between the refugees, the Maban host community and the government of South Sudan to locate secure camps for the refugees".
There are 122000 Sudanese refugees residing in four refugees camps of Kaya, Yousif Batil, Doro and Gindrassa in Maban area, Upper Nile state, since the start of a rebellion in the Blue Nile in September 2011.
The humanitarian official said that Sudanese refugees cannot remain in the camps without assistance or return to their home country and face " insecurity and daily aerial bombardments from government forces where already half a million IDPs are living with little food and water and no shelter".
Sudanese government and the SPLM-N have failed to implement a tripartite humanitarian initiative aiming to deliver humanitarian assistance to the civilians affected by the nearly 3-year conflict.
The SRRA estimate that there are half a million internally displaced persons without humanitarian access in the rebel controlled areas inside the Sudan.
Since the start of the South Sudanese crisis and the emergence of a new rebellion led by the former vice-president Riek Machar last December, the Unity state suffers from insecurity and violence. The rebels hold the southern areas of the state while the government still control the northern, and eastern areas Maban and Melut.
SITUATION IN YIDA CAMP
Regarding the refugees from the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan in Yida camp near the border, the humanitarian official called on the UNHCR to not deny education to 25,000 school age children before they move to the new camp of Ajoung Thok.
He added that the UN refugee agency also refused to register and deliver ration cards to some 1,300 people who recently arrived to Yida fleeing the dry season offensive in South Kordofan, and asked them to move directly to Ajuong Thok camp.
UNHCR has since last year been moving Sudanese refugees from the crowded and insecure Yida, located near a contested section of the border between the two Sudans.
But many Sudanese refugees refused to move preferring Yida where there are some 82,000 people, saying it allows them to inspect their houses and villages whenever they can.
March 28, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The Japanese government has announced it will allocate $500,000 from its 2013 supplementary budget to support mission of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel on Sudan and South Sudan (AUHIP).
The Japanese embassy in Khartoum issued a press statement on Thursday saying the money is part of Japan’s government contribution which amounts to $5 million to support AU’s efforts to resolve pressing issues of peace and security through the AU peace fund.
The money is intended to help both countries achieve democratic transformation and facilitate negotiations to arrive at political solutions in conflict areas, it said.
The statement underscored that Japan considers the AUHIP a main pillar in resolving outstanding issues between Khartoum and Juba, noting that the principles of the AUHIP are consistent with Japan’s firm conviction that negotiations are the only means for achieving peace and stability.
The Japanese ambassador to Khartoum, Ryoichi Horie, said that his country is committed to exert every possible effort to achieve permanent peace and stability in Sudan, affirming that Sudan’s peace, stability, and development would contribute to achieving the same objectives in Africa as general.
He commended the tireless efforts of the AUHIP and the valuable role played by the East African regional bloc, IGAD, calling on them to continue helping Sudan and South Sudan to resolve the disputed issues between them.
The AUHIP, which is chaired by the former South African president, Thabo Mbeki, was founded in 2009 to help resolve the Darfur crisis and facilitate negotiations relating to South Sudan’s independence from Sudan in July 2011 including disputes over oil, security, citizenship, assets, and their common border.
TAWILA (28 Mar.) - A bomb explosion killed 12 camels and wounded ten others in Katur in East Jebel Marra on Friday.
Witnesses confirmed to Radio Dabanga that dozens of unexploded ordnances are spread in the area, especially in the area surrounding Katur, Dobo, Hemeda, Nasir, and Meshoro.
They said the deployed explosives look like long missiles, about half a meter long. Others have the shape of a large-sized cola bottle. “The presence of the bombs have brought fear among the people living in the area and restricted the movement, in particular the collecting of water, straw and firewood, as well as livestock grazing.”
The listeners appealed to the United Nations and the Security Council to ban aircrafts in Darfur, and clear the area of the remnants of war.
EL FASHER (28 Mar.) - Thousands of people who fled from villages in El Fasher locality, North Darfur, which were burned and looted by militias seven days ago, have been arriving in Shagra area, west of El Fasher city.
The newly displaced families have found shelter in Hillet Abu Bakr, Hillet Mura, and Hillet Musa in Shagra area. Witnesses told Radio Dabanga that the arrivals have lost all of their possessions during the attack and looting by the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF). "They were forced out of their houses, and now live in a bad humanitarian situation."
The people come from the villages of Drekeina, Hillet Hamiz, Ghoz Azbanyat, Jaronga, Ardy, Gragf, and Amagus. A witness said that Shagra receives about 150 people on a daily basis since a week.
He appealed to the aid organisations to condemn “the ongoing attempts of the government to force the displaced people to return to their destroyed villages”. “Security does not exist and militias are still active in Darfur”, he said.
The RSF, together with other militiamen, attacked Sarafaya area in El Fasher locality on 21 March. At least eight villages were destroyed. An unknown number of people were killed and wounded. Several people who fled the attacks said that Durma, Uzbani, Juruf, Murtak, Karaw, Faki Nur, Gamar Eldin, Karkar, Ahmedu, Abu Duda, and Yahya Urbi were attacked.
[South Sudan Crisis - Fact Sheet #35, Fiscal Year (FY) 2014](/node 648370)
Conflict that erupted on December 15 has displaced nearly 1.1 million people.
Relocation efforts are underway in UNMISS internally displaced person (IDP) sites to reduce overcrowding in flood-prone areas.
The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) distributes approximately 1,300 metric tons (MT) of food commodities to refug
This report originally appeared on the Satellite Sentinel Project.
Confirming reports that first emerged from local sources and Radio Dabanga, new Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) imagery from March 26, 2014 shows more than 400 huts, tents, and temporary shelters burned by Sudanese government-backed Janjaweed forces in Khor Abeche, at a South Darfur camp for internally displaced people (IDPs) located near a peacekeeping base. DigitalGlobe Intelligence Solutions (DGIS) image analysis finds that most of the destruction affected the structures adjacent to the African Union - United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) peacekeeping compound, which itself was not damaged.
UNAMID has said it is protecting thousands of displaced civilians at several bases, including Khor Abeche, and the SSP image shows a large group of people towards the top middle area inside the UNAMID compound.
A UNAMID spokesman tells SSP that peacekeepers and IDPs at Khor Abeche were first alerted of a possible attack to the camp on March 21. The population of the camp, about 3,000 people, took refuge at the UNAMID's base. The following day, while the peacekeepers protected those within the compound, about 300 heavily armed men set fire to the nearby IDP camp.
Eyewitnesses to the attack on Khor Abeche camp say the assailants burned to death a sheikh, injured many residents, kidnapped local leaders, and looted property and livestock while also destroying water wells, homes, and a hospital.
Despite praise UNAMID has received for its efforts from the African Union, the deaths and injuries raise critical questions about the will and capacity of the peacekeeping force to deter such attacks and implement its civilian protection mandate outside its compound.
News reports indicate that Sudanese government-supported Rapid Support Forces (RSF), also called the Rapid Response Forces (RRF) led the attack on Khor Abeche. The group of 6,000 fighters is attacking civilians and torching homes throughout the area. In North Darfur’s mountainous East Jebel Marra area, some areas have been both bombed and burned as Janjaweed ground attacks and Sudan Air Force (SAF) attacks escalate.
SAF air strikes and Janjaweed attacks have exacerbated conditions for 215,000 people who are newly displaced across Darfur since the beginning of the year, including almost 68,000 who are displaced in South Darfur’s violence. Humanitarian organizations estimate that some 59,000 people are displaced from South Darfur’s Um Gunya area, in the wake of clashes between the RSF and the rebel Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minawi (SLM-MM) group.
Civilians throughout areas beyond South Darfur are also fleeing waves of violence, including infighting among rebel forces, political power struggles, and intercommunal clashes in North Darfur.
Without holding the government of Sudan responsible for the atrocities committed by the Janjaweed militia, the U.S. Department of State condemned the attack in Khor Abeche and expressed concern at the escalating violence committed by Sudanese government-backed forces and rebel groups.
The situation across South Sudan remains highly volatile following recent clashes in Upper Nile and Jonglei states. Access constraints and obstacles continue to hamper the delivery of humanitarian aid by road.
With the start of the rainy season, IOM is closely working with partners to enhance efforts to improve living conditions in Protection of Civilians (PoC) areas to mitigate the risk of waterborne diseases including cholera and hepatitis E.
Three mobile humanitarian hubs are now in the country and ready for deployment. These mobile hubs will enable the rapid establishment of base camps for the humanitarian community to reach displaced people beyond PoC areas and deliver life-saving assistance to conflict affected communities in remote locations.
- Three mobile humanitarian hubs are now in the country and ready for deployment to field locations
- 353,015 people received NFI assistance since the onset of the crisis
Over one million people have had to flee their homes since the start of the conflict in South Sudan in December 2013.
Aid agencies estimate that 803,000 are currently displaced within the country; sheltering across 174 different displacement sites. Another 254,600 have fled to neighbouring countries. Aid agencies launched a new rapid response model to reach displaced communities in remote locations.
● Over one million people have been forced from their homes by the conﬂict, including 803,200 displaced within South Sudan and 254,600 who have ﬂed to neighbouring countries.
● Partners launched a multi-sector rapid response mechanism, aiming to reach people in hard-to-access locations in the coming three months.
● Multi-sector aid response started in Akobo, Jonglei State, Melut, Upper Nile State and Nyal, Unity State.
● With three months left to implement activities, the South Sudan Crisis Response Plan for January to June was only 25 per cent funded, with large gaps affecting priority sectors such as protection and WASH.
Increasing violence across Darfur has generated enormous additional humanitarian needs since early 2014. Hostilities and violence involving Government forces supported by the Rapid Support Force, a Government-affiliated militia, and armed movements in Darfur have expanded. The conflict is now being generalised across much of North and South Darfur, with limited spillover effects to Central, West and East Darfur states. Civilian populations bear the brunt of the recent hostilities and insecurity. Since the beginning of the year, 215,000 people have been displaced in Darfur. While some people returned to their places of origin, as of 24 March the number of newly displaced people stands at 196,000.
This scale of new displacements and the type of violence inflicted upon the civilian population are reminiscent of the early years of the Darfur conflict (2003 - 2005), when tens of thousands of civilians fled their homes and sought safety in makeshift camps, where most have since remained.
Large areas affected by this new wave of fighting remain inaccessible and in many instances the number of affected people can only be estimated. The needs of many people are yet to be met, as aid agencies are unable to reach these people. Similarly, thousands of vulnerable people in Eastern Jebel Marra, Um Dukhun in Central Darfur and Abu Karinka and Adila in East Darfur have been inaccessible for up to two years. Humanitarian access to affected areas in Darfur to assess the needs of affected people and deliver emergency assistance is the highest priority.
In view of the likelihood of more violent outbreaks of fighting throughout Darfur, humanitarian partners are urged to step up their preparedness and response capacities/plans and, if necessary, consider additional funding needs.