Sudan - ReliefWeb News
FAO highlights need for strategic regional cooperation on food security
24 February 2014, Rome - Conflict, rapid population growth and urbanization, and a heavy reliance on food imports are posing serious challenges for food security in the Near East and North Africa, although progress has been made in some countries, FAO said today.
Three countries in the region (Algeria, Jordan and Kuwait,) have met the hunger component of the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) by halving the proportion of their population experiencing chronic hunger.
But region-wide, the number of undernourished people remains high at nearly 43.7 million, or 10 percent of the population, while 24.5 percent of children under five are stunted due to chronic under-nutrition, according to an assessment presented today at the start of the Organization's regional conference.
Micronutrient deficiencies are common in both affluent and less affluent countries, having a number of serious consequences for school enrollment, productivity and public health.
Conflicts and civil strife remain the driving factor for food insecurity in the region in recent years, FAO says. Hotspots include Iraq, Sudan, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza Strip and Yemen. In Syria alone, an estimated 6.3 million people are in need of sustained food and agricultural assistance.
At the other end of the malnutrition spectrum, nearly one quarter of people in the Near East and North Africa are now obese - this is double the world average and nearly three times the obesity rate of developing countries as a whole.
Complex set of factors at play
On top of long-standing structural challenges, climate change and emerging animal diseases are also undermining food security in the Near East and North Africa, notes FAO.
And the region's heavy reliance on imports of food to meet its consumption needs makes it extremely vulnerable to increases in and volatility of international agricultural commodity prices. This dependence on external food sources is projected to intensify over the decades to come, the UN agency's assessment says.
Food waste aggravates low production
Given the region's need to import large quantities of food, its slow growth in domestic food production and high levels of food waste are cause for concern, according to FAO.
Running 1.8 metric tonnes per hectare per year, cereal yields in the region are just 56 percent of the world average, while at the same time an estimated twenty percent of food in the region is lost or wasted.
There is scope for increasing productivity in most countries in the region - and particularly in low-income countries such as Sudan, Yemen, and Mauritania - as well as a widespread need to reduce food losses.
Charting a regional strategy for food security
FAO's assessment also offers suggestions regarding actions that countries in the Near East and North Africa can undertake individually and collectively to address regional food security concerns.
At the national level, governments should channel more resources toward increasing food productivity, especially by smallholders.
Low agriculture productivity in the region is linked to limited investment in research and development and to slow adoption by farmers of existing, effective technologies. Extension services need to be reformed and strengthened, including support for farmer field schools and cooperatives.
Other areas where investment will be needed include rural infrastructure, such as transport facilities and markets, educational initiatives aimed at helping growers reach markets, and programs that facilitate farmers' access to credit and financial services,
At the regional level, cooperation on reducing barriers to trade in food items needs to be enhanced, and governments should also consider pooling their resources to establish regional food reserves.
ZALINGEI (23 Feb .) - The Governor of Central Darfur State has attributed the cause for the renewed clashes between the Salamat and Misseriya tribes in Um Dukhun to the withdrawal of the Intelligence and Security Service and the Central Reserve Forces from the region.
Governor Dr Yusif Tibin acknowledged in an interview with the pro-government newspaper El Intibaha on Friday that “these conflict resolution forces have withdrawn too rashly from the region. This has created a huge security gap, and paved the way for those targeting the security of the region”.
According to El Intibaha, Tibin accused Chadian Salamat tribesmen of entering the region through Kalma, near the Chadian-Sudanese border. “They participated in the clashes, after which they returned to Chad again.”
He noted that the assassinated Salamat and Misseriya omdas were both members of the Reconciliation Committee of Central Darfur’s capital of Zalingei.
On Tuesday Um Dukhun in Central Darfur turned into a battlefield, when fierce clashes broke out between Misseriya and Salamat tribesmen. Dozens were killed and injured. The fighting broke out after a Misseriya omda was murdered in Um Dukhun on Monday. In response, Misseriya killed a deputy omda of the Salamat on Tuesday morning.
DELEIG CAMP (23 Feb .) - The number of children who died from a ‘mysterious disease’ in Deleig camp for the displaced in Central Darfur has increased to 23. The number of fatalities among donkeys stands at 59.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga, a sheikh of the Deleig camp in Wadi Salih locality reported that 23 children have died so far of a mysterious disease that affects children below the age of 12, and donkeys.
The sheikh complained that no official or medical team from the locality or Central Darfur State had come to examine and treat the young patients. “Also no effort has been done to define and contain the causes of the disease, in spite of the high number of deaths, and the fear and horror experienced by the people in the region.”
The Minister of Health of Central Darfur State, Dr Eisa Mohamed Musa, has acknowledged the “emergence of an unknown inflammation” among the children in Deleig. He stated in a press statement that 12 cases were recorded in Deleig. The disease, the minister noted, affects young children below the age of five years. The “mysterious disease” symptoms indicate a severe acute respiratory syndrome, according to Musa.
The minister also stated that a medical team was sent to Deleig to investigate the epidemic disease. “We are still waiting for the result of tests on samples collected in the area.”
On 12 February Radio Dabanga reported that about 75 percent of the children in Deleig camp were infected with a mysterious disease affecting children below the age of 12 years, and donkeys. The symptoms are coughing, vomiting, inflammation in the genitals and sleeplessness. On 16 February a Deleig camp sheikh reported that 15 children, and 47 donkeys had died.
KAMPALA (23 Feb.) - The US Special Envoy to the Sudan, Donald Booth, held talks in Kampala on Thursday with Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF, an alliance of opposition forces) leaders Abdel Wahid El Nur, Minni Minawi, and Dr Jibril Ibrahim. The talks centred on the SRF’s position with regard to a comprehensive peace, unification of the negotiations platform, and their view about President Al Bashir‘s call for dialogue.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga, Dr Jibril Ibrahim, head of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and Co-Vice President of the SRF said that they affirmed to the Special Envoy that the SRF is against any partial solution for the crises in Sudan. “This is also the position adopted by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North in its negotiations with the Sudanese government in Addis Ababa.”
Ibrahim said that Booth considered a comprehensive solution “important”, and the government’s call for a national dialogue “a step towards a comprehensive solution”.
The JEM leader noted that the Addis Ababa peace negotiations on South Kordofan and the Blue Nile States are a prelude to unify negotiations on these two states and Darfur. “When the SPLM-N and the government delegations in Addis Ababa come to discuss the issue of a cease-fire in the two southern states, they will discover that there are rebel forces other than the SPLM-N fighting in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile. If these rebel forces are not involved in the negotiations, a cease-fire agreement cannot be reached.”
“These parties will directly or indirectly be part of the Addis Ababa negotiations or dialogue. Thus all initiatives will be merged in a one track.”
A single platform
Minni Minawi, leader of the Sudan Liberation Movement-MM and Co-Vice Deputy President of the SRF told Radio Dabanga that they discussed with the US Special Envoy in Kampala the vision of the SRF on unifying both the Darfur and the South Kordofan-Blue Nile platforms in order to reach a comprehensive solution. “This means that the SRF will constitute a single platform, discussing the war in Darfur together with the war in Blue Nile and South Kordofan.” Minawi explained that the unification of negotiations on the war-torn regions was the main topic during the meeting with Donald Booth. “He agreed partially on our vision.”
Regarding President Al Bashir's initiative for a national dialogue, Minawi commented that the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) “is putting puts the cart in front of the horse rather than the opposite”. He told Radio Dabanga that a comprehensive solution requires the “appropriate atmosphere to enter into a comprehensive national dialogue”.
“This appropriate atmosphere does not exist. The NCP now intends to adopt a policy uniting a national front. This basically means a unification of their old racist front. The traditionally marginalised regions, in particular Darfur, are not to be included. They NCP intends to dismantle Darfur and then move it into a nationally unified front with the same racist view it adopted from the start.”
The leader of the Sudan Liberation Movement-AW and Co-Vice President of the SRF, Abdel Wahid El Nur, added to Radio Dabanga, that they confirmed to the US Special Envoy that no peace will be achieved in Sudan without security on the ground.
“First of all, our people need to live a safe and secure life. The militiamen are to be disarmed, and new settlers expelled from the Darfur lands and the hawakeer. The displaced and refugees have to be able to return to their original villages, and should receive individual and collective compensation. Rule of law has to be reinstated and the offenders brought to justice.”
El Nur said that they explained to Booth that a peace without security and a real change is incomplete. "Former Darfur peace agreements have all failed”.
KHARTOUM (23 Feb.) - Relatives of prisoners detained in Kober prison, Khartoum, have demanded the authorities to stop torturing the detainees and improve their treatment, or to release them.
A relative of a detainee told Radio Dabanga that the prisoners in Kober prison, arrested for political reasons related to Darfur, are subjected to all forms of torture. She added that the release of political prisoners related to Darfur was one of the “top demands” of their families of these detainees during “all the conferences on security and social peace” organised by the Darfur Regional Authority in the five states of Darfur.
The relative complained that these demands did not find any response from the authorities. “Recently some prisoners have been released, for political and tribal reasons. Yet all of them were arrested in incidents related to the Darfur cause.”
She reiterated her call for the release of the detainees and said that if they are not to be released, they should be treated as “prisoners of war” in accordance with international laws.
MURNEI (23 Feb.) - Militiamen on Friday raped a woman of the Murnei camp for the displaced in West Darfur and cut off her hands. Two other women were badly injured.
A Murnei camp sheikh told Radio Dabanga that three government-backed militiamen attacked three displaced women when they were collecting straw at a distance of 6km south of the camp. Because the women resisted the attack, the “Janjaweed” beat one of the women (25) and cut-off of her hands before raping her alternately.
The two other women were also severely beaten. “They hit Halima Mohamed Yahya several times on the head with an axe, and they broke the legs of Halima Sharif Khamis," the sheikh said.
The victims were transferred to the hospital of Murnei. The attack was reported to the police.
GIREIDA (23 Feb .) - In Gireida, South Darfur, a woman was killed and nine others wounded on Friday when militiamen opened fire on them when they were collecting firewood.
A relative of the deceased reported to Radio Dabanga that on Friday morning Janjaweed opened fire on a group of women from the Gireida camp for the displaced when they were collecting firewood south of the camp. Hawa Adam Haroun died instantly.
The militiamen beat and tortured the other women from 10am until late in the evening. Nine women were injured, five of them seriously. The gunmen robbed them of six donkeys.
The relative added that the Janjaweed repeatedly threatened to kill, lash, and beat anyone who leaves the camp to collect firewood or straw.
A number of serious incidents have taken place which include aggression perpetrated by the security forces, the janjaweed and a large number of deaths in ethnic clashes.
Zalingei (Central Darfur) – 16 February
Two killed and 24 injured during peaceful demonstration
On 16 February IDPs in Hameidia IDP Camp in Zalingei demonstrated against a “Conference on Peace and Social Justice Conference" organized by the Darfur Transitional Authority and attended by the head of the Darfur Transitional Authority, the UNAMID chief and the Governor of Central Darfur. Forces of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) and their allied militia moved against the protesters killing Abakar Sherif and another person and injuring 24 others.
On the same day, Sheikh Mukhtar, the Imam of Zalingei Mosque, was attacked by members of the NISS while he was attending a celebration for Sudanese national independence day at Zalingei stadium. He was beaten and kicked until he fell to the ground. The people in the stadium were angry and intervened to rescue Sheikh Mukhtar. The members of NISS who had perpetrated the attack escaped.
Um Dukhun (West Darfur) – 19 February
Many killed in Salamat-Ta’aisha Fighting
Renewed fighting broke out in Um Dukhun, on the Chad border, between the Salamat and Ta’aisha tribes after the killing of the Nazir (Chief) of the Salamat. The number of the dead and injured is not yet known. Clashes between Arab groups have caused hundreds of deaths in Darfur over the past year.
Otash and Doma Camps – 20 February 2014
IDPs and Otash Camp Shaikh attacked by Janjaweed
A number of IDPs from Otash IDP Camp near Nyala, including Mohammed Ahmed Abdelrahman, the Camp’s chief Shaikh, were attacked by a group of Janjaweed at 5pm on 20 February as they were returning from their farms north of Nyala. Shaikh Mohammed Abdelrahman, Sabir Salih Adam Hamah and Hassan Salih Adam Hamah were all seriously injured and left for dead by the attackers. They were taken to Nyala hospital for treatment; medical staff transferred Mohammed Ahmed Abdelrahman to Khartoum because of the severity of his injuries.
Later the same group of Janjaweed attacked Doma IDP camp; however the IDPs fought them off, killing one and arresting another. The rest of the group escaped.
To the Government of Sudan:
The Sudan Government should immediately set up an independent and impartial investigation into the excessive use of force on 16 February 2014 by members of the NISS against peaceful demonstrators and, on a separate occasion, against the Imam in Zalingei. Those accused of ordering or using excessive force should be brought to fair trial and punished.
The Sudan Government should arrest the perpetrators of the attacks on Otash and Doma Camps and bring them to justice in fair trials.
The Sudan Government should do its utmost to prevent clashes between ethnic groups and to ensure that earlier reconciliation agreements are maintained. The Government has an obligation to protect the lives and security of all peoples of Sudan.
UNAMID should take strong action in order to fulfil its mandate, including its obligation to “prevent attacks against civilians, within its capability and areas of deployment, without prejudice to the responsibility of the Government of the Sudan”, and the requirement “to monitor, verify and promote efforts to disarm the Janjaweed and other militias”.
02/23/2014 12:49 GMT
by Abdelmoneim ABU IDRIS ALI
KHARTOUM, February 23, 2014 (AFP) - Sudan and rebels in South Kordofan would adopt an immediate ceasefire and allow aid to reach more than one million people, says a proposed agreement issued as peace talks broke off last week.
AFP obtained a copy of the draft on Sunday.
African Union mediators presented the proposal for Khartoum and rebels of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) on Tuesday, when the talks in Ethiopia adjourned after both combatants traded accusations.
There are no reliable figures for how many people have died in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, where the rebels have been fighting for nearly three years, but the United Nations says an estimated 1.2 million have been displaced or otherwise affected.
Sudanese authorities have restricted access to the war zones for aid workers, journalists and foreign diplomats, although relief has reached people in government-controlled areas.
There has been no aid access into SPLM-N zones from within Sudan since 2011, and a senior UN official said last year that people were surviving on "roots and leaves".
Several days of negotiation -- the first in nearly a year -- failed to make progress, but a source close to the talks said both sides left to study the draft agreement, dated February 18.
The rebels and government would "cease all hostilities unconditionally" under the proposal, which says an AU-designated "third party" would monitor the ceasefire.
"The Parties shall facilitate the immediate and safe delivery and movement of humanitarian assistance to all affected persons," it says.
Chief mediator Thabo Mbeki said last week that the rebel and government delegations would consult on "proposals" from the mediation team, but he did not elaborate.
Talks are supposed to resume on February 28.
During the first round in Addis Ababa, the head of the rebel delegation, Yassir Arman, said Khartoum wants "to freeze this war without giving any solutions to the humanitarian situation and the political situation".
- 'Marginalised areas' -
The government accused SPLM-N of raising issues unrelated to the two war zones of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Ibrahim Ghandour, who leads the Sudanese negotiators, had begun the talks by saying they should focus on security, political and humanitarian aspects "concurrently and as one package" for South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
SPLM-N has said humanitarian issues should be addressed first. They want the wars in "marginalised areas" including South Kordofan and Blue Nile to stop ahead of a national constitutional conference to address the root causes of conflict.
The ethnic uprisings in the two states, and an older insurgency in the Darfur region, are fuelled by complaints of economic and political neglect by the Arab-dominated regime.
A day after talks broke off last week, the rebels rained rockets down on Kadugli, the South Kordofan capital, official radio reported.
In the draft obtained by AFP, the government and rebels would "affirm the need for an inclusive and holistic process of national dialogue and constitutional reform".
Such a process would uphold the principles of democracy, unity in diversity, and the rights and equality of all citizens, it says, adding that the broader national dialogue would not be prejudiced by talks on South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
A Sunday editorial in Khartoum's The Citizen newspaper said some leaders of the ruling National Congress Party still insist on "partial solutions".
They hope to weaken an alliance between SPLM-N and Darfur rebels by dealing with South Kordofan and Blue Nile in isolation, it said.
"If both sides are genuine, there has to be a compromise" between the government and SPLM-N, Farouk Mohammed Ibrahim, chairman of the Sudanese Organisation for Defence of Rights and Freedoms, told AFP.
© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse
1 - 14 February 2014
With support from the World Health Organization (WHO), three clinics managed by Labena, Suda-nese Red Crescent Society and SIBRO have started providing services to cover the health needs of people affected by conflict in South Sudan. By 10 February 2014, some 24 700 people had arrived from South Sudan to five states in Sudan.
WHO donated medicines and supplies to five health partners to ensure uninterrupted delivery of critical health services in different IDP camps in North Darfur.
Emergency surgical supplies, parenteral antibiotics, intravenous fluids, as well as assorted essential medicines, were donated by WHO to Kutum and Mallet rural hospitals.
Outbreaks of scabies and acute jaundice syndrome have been reported from El Sareif Camp in South Darfur.
Four suspected cases of measles were reported from Kassala and Rural Kassala localities.
Between January 7 and February 6, Ministry of Health in Kassala State received notification of 14 suspected cases with one death of haemorrhagic fever, mainly from localities of Kassala, Rural Kas-sala, Wad Alhelaiu and Rural Aroma. One sample was positive for dengue fever, two other samples were positive for Chikungunya. Surveillance system has been alerted in affected areas and potential areas. Vector control campaign is ongoing with support from state and locality authority.
ED DAEIN (21 Feb.) - A massive fire broke out in El Neem camp for the displaced in Ed Daein, East Darfur, on Friday afternoon and burned 30 houses and their contents to the ground, along with large amounts of agricultural crops and food.
One of the affected, basic school teacher Hussein Abrahbim Abdulah, reported to Radio Dabanga that 40 families in total were damaged by the fire. “They are currently living in the open without food or shelter.” He estimated the financial damage at about SDG 10,000 ($1,743).
The teacher demanded from the authorities to plan a road toward and across El Neem camp, “to make the camp more accessible for fire trucks” in case of future large fires.
“Humanitarian organisations working in the area should provide the displaced people living in El Neem with information about how to safely make, use, and put out cooking fires, and raise awareness amongst the residents”, Abdulah demanded.
He called upon the traders union in the cities to speed up the provision of shelter, food, and relief items to the affected families in the camp.
Recent clashes in Malakal town, Upper Nile State, and related inter-communal violence within the local UNMISS base resulted in at least 17 deaths and wounded approximately 150 people, according to the U.N.
Humanitarian actors are pre-positioning food commodities and relief supplies in advance of the April-to-August rainy season.
Fighting has resulted in increased population displacement in recent days, with violence displacing more than 883,000 people—including both internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees fleeing to neighboring countries—since December 15, according to the U.N.
Escalating insecurity continues to impede consistent, life-saving humanitarian support in conflict-affected areas of South Sudan, particularly in Upper Nile, where fighting between Government of the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) forces and opposition groups has hindered humanitarian operations in Malakal. Population movements continue in Malakal, with many IDPs seeking protection at the UNMISS base, while other people have fled the UNMISS base for areas of greater security.
In an effort to coordinate relief activities for displaced populations and expand emergency assistance where possible, humanitarian organizations continue to focus efforts on pre-positioning of food supplies and relief commodities prior to the upcoming April-to-August rainy season, which will likely impede humanitarian access to populations in need through October.
The U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) reports that the number of measles cases has declined in all major IDP sites in South Sudan during the week of February 17, with 71 reported cases compared to nearly 172 cases reported the previous week. Despite improvements, measles remains a significant public health concern in conflict-affected areas.
The security services and pro-government militia elements caused panic amongst the displaced people living in Hamidiya camp in Zalingei locality, Central Darfur, when they fired dense gunshots into the air on Wednesday night.
The coordinator of the Central Darfur camps told Radio Dabanga that he holds the state government and the Darfur Regional Authority (DRA) responsible for “these violations against the displaced people”.
The Hamidiya residents were beaten, looted and their houses plundered by government-backed militiamen on Monday, when they peacefully demonstrated against the Social Peace Conferences organised by the DRA. Two people were shot dead by the troops, and more than 20 people were wounded.
Khadija Suleiman revealed to Radio Dabanga that she was severely beaten by militia elements, and that SDG 1,200 ($209) was stolen from her. “Two other displaced, Sadiq Adam and Mohamed Habib, were looted of SDG 1,100 ($192) and their mobile phones.”
NCF condemns the killing in Zalingei
Meanwhile, the coalition of political parties under the National Consensus Forces (NCF) have condemned the government forces’ killing of two displaced people and injuring of many others during their demonstration.
Lawyer Kamal Omar Abdel Salam, the political secretary of the Popular Congress Party, stressed to Radio Dabanga that “the killing of the displaced people in Zalingei and Nyala localities, as well as the aerial bombardments of villages, stand as evidence that Khartoum is not serious about its call for dialogue and political reconciliation”.
He stressed the right of Sudanese citizens to peacefully demonstrate to demand a review of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur. “What did the people of Darfur gain from the Doha document since its signing, other than murder, rape, looting, and displacement?"
The National Committee in solidarity with the families of the victims of the September demonstrations has also condemned the violence in Hamidiya on Monday. Chairman Siddiq Yousif told that the committee demanded an investigation of the incident, also of the position of Unamid, which “was at the scene. [...] Dr Tijani Sese, head of the DRA, has not even called for an investigation.”
Militia members killed a farmer and wounded four others in the area of Bakhit in Abu Karinka, East Darfur on Thursday.
One of the relatives of the deceased told Radio Dabanga that “gunmen riding on the backs of camels and horses” opened fire on a number of farmers, who were collecting bean crusts south of Bakhit. Farmer Jaber Mohamed Osman was killed on the spot. The gunmen wounded four others, and looted their money, carts, and other possessions. The witness reported that the four injured were taken to the Abu Karinka hospital for treatment.
Camp leader attacked
In South Darfur, pro-government militiamen opened fire on the Sheikh of Otash camp for the displaced in Nyala.
Sheikh Mohamed Ahmed Abdelrahman and two displaced persons were seriously injured in the attack, the camp's spokesman told Radio Dabanga. “About 12 masked militia members in military uniforms opened fire on Abdelrahman's car as he was driving back from farming with two others.
“The displaced Abbas Ismail was injured in the chest while the other could flee.” He added that the wounded were taken to Nyala hospital to receive treatment. The incident is reported to the police.
Residents flee Bindisi
Meanwhile, market shops in Bindisi town, Central Darfur, were closed as citizens fled their homes on Thursday afternoon. A witness told Radio Dabanga that security forces elements, riding on motorcycles or on foot, pointed their weapons on Wadelamin Osman and Omar Ibrahim Adam. They attempted to arrest them for inciting the demonstration in Bindisi camp on Monday, against moving a grain silo from the camp. Security and police forces used live bullets, tear gas, and batons to disperse the demonstrators.
SUDAN: Humanitarian situation critical. Over 2 million IDP, 6.1 million in need. New arrivals from South Sudan may rise to 50 000 by the end of the year. ECHO has spent EUR140 million since 2011 in assistance to IDPs, refugees and people affected by natural disasters. (ECHO)
SOUTH SUDAN: Clashes continue in Unity, Jonglei,
Upper Nile. Up to 16 IDP killed and 120 wounded reported in the Protection of Civilians area in Malakal.
• Top three priorities: (1) Life-saving activities (2)
Helping people to plant (planting season March-April)
(3) Prepositioning food, non-food and medical items before the rainy season.
• Crisis Response Plan for South Sudan only 17% funded (0% coverage for WASH and Protection). (ECHO)
C.A.R: Violence ongoing in capital and NW parts. 698 500 IPDs, more than 250 000 refugees. More than half the 4.6 million population in need of aid.
The European Commission increased funding to EUR45 million since outbreak of violence. Over EUR100 million from EU member states in 2013/14. (ECHO)
ETHIOPIA: South Sudanese refugees continue arriving in Gambela; 42 366 as of 20 February (UNHCR). Leitchuor camp expected to reach full capacity soon.
Severe Acute Malnutrition rate in children under five above emergency threshold.
ECHO partners preparing for comprehensive nutritional response. (ECHO)
SOMALIA: Currently 22 148 people forcefully returned from Saudi Arabia.
Expected overall number 33 000 over the next three months. International Organisation for Migration appealing for USD2.8 million to provide urgent assistance. (ECHO)
10 years since the Darfur conflict broke out, violence and insecurity continue to cause displacement and inhibit returns, despite the Doha Peace Agreement.
Since early 2013 due to the fighting among Arab tribes in Darfur an estimated 450 000 people were newly displaced causing an increase in insecurity and lack of access.
Fighting in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile states has affected over 1.1 million people, including over 230 000 who have taken refuge in Ethiopia and South Sudan.
Over 24 000 people have crossed the border from South Sudan into Sudan since mid-December. According to UNHCR new arrivals from South Sudan may rise to 50 000 by the end of the year.
European Commission has spent around €140 million since 2011 in providing live saving assistance to IDPs, refugees and people affected by natural disasters in Sudan. Better access is needed to all vulnerable and conflict-affected populations in order to conduct assessments and provide humanitarian assistance according to needs.
The South Sudan crisis was declared a Level 3 (L3) Humanitarian System-Wide Emergency Response on 11 February, signifying the scale of the crisis and the multi-sector response required to meet needs. Heavy fighting was reported in Upper Nile State’s Malakal town during the week, despite a cessation of hostilities signed on 23 January.